PUTRAJAYA, The score of Malaysia Human Development Index (MHDI), one of the indicators used to analyse the socioeconomic development status of the nation and describe human development in a nation, has increased by 1.2 per cent to 0.816 in 2022 compared to 0.806 in 2021.

“Based on this score, MHDI is at a very high level of development category,” according to Chief Statistician Datuk Seri Dr Mohd Uzir Mahidin.

He said this in a statement following the release of the MHDI report for 2022 by the Department of Statistics Malaysia (DOSM) today.

The MHDI, which has been developed based on the Human Development Index (HDI) Report from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), is measured based on three main dimensions namely long and healthy life; access to knowledge and a decent standard of living.

There are four categories of development level scores, namely the first category below 0.550 (low); the second category 0.550 to 0.699 (medium); the third category 0.700 to 0.799 (high) and the fourth category 0.800 and above (very high).

Mohd Uzir said an analysis by dimension index shows that the highest index score recorded in 2022 is the Gross National Income Index (GNI) with a score of 0.872 followed by the Life Expectancy Index with a score of 0.823 and the Education Index with a score of 0.757.

“All indices are at a very high level of development except for the Education Index that registered high-level development,” he said.

Mohd Uzir said the Life Expectancy Index score decreased by 0.4 per cent to 0.823 in 2022 as compared to 0.826 in 2021 due to the increase in the number of excess deaths during the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Education Index score rose by 1.5 per cent to 0.757 as compared to 0.746, with two indicators namely expected years of schooling and mean years of schooling contributing to the increase of the Education Index, he said.

The GNI Index improved by 2.5 per cent to 0.872 in 2022 as compared to 0.851 in 2021 due to improved economic performance with Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth of 8.7 per cent, he said.

GNI Index falls in the range of 0.820 to 0.848 during the period 2015 to 2020.

On the performance of MHDI by state, Mohd Uzir said the state with the highest MHDI score was Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya with a score of 0.886.

This is followed by Selangor (0.842), Wilayah Persekutuan Labuan (0.839), Pulau Pinang (0.830), Sarawak (0.824), Negeri Sembilan (0.817), Melaka (0.810) and Pahang (0.803).

Source: BERNAMA News Agency